Friday, November 30, 2007

Os ídolas do Pro e do Contra: O tipo é da Freli ou da Re? [2].

Xicuembo xa mudliwa[1]!

Leia a Introdução a série aqui.

Comecemos por uma pequena “estória” (real) para introduzirmos a minha noção de ídola no nosso contexto. Os ídolas, aqui, são como o “xicuembo xa mudliwa”. O xicuembo xa mudliwa em Xangan significa um espírito, normalmente, maligno, destabilizador da harmonia social. Um espírito que cria sempre problemas nas famílias. Pelo menos, assim alguns problemas são interpretados. A forma de resolver esses problemas – evidentemente antes da chegada da solução universal da Igreja Universal do Reino de Deus – era através dos serviços de um curandeiro que em ritual apropriado escutava as exigências do espírito. Acompanhar o espírito de regresso a sua casa onde teria o descanso eterno faz parte do ritual. Em tempos idos vivi uma experiência do género. Até princípios da década de 80, quando a gestação paterna da democracia ainda não reclamava tantas vidas humanas no nosso país, o meu pai havia criara o hábito de levar os filhos à casa dos seus pais, portanto, nossos avós para passar as férias de fim de ano. Dizia-se que íamos a Ucopi[2]. Numa dessas viagens o propósito não eram as laranjas e tangerinas doces da casa do nosso avô. O propósito era diferente, surpreendentemente estranho, para nós os miúdos. Tratava-se da realização de uma missa para se acompanhar um espírito que atormentava a família que vou chamar, aqui, de “Sitoe”.

Sitoe fora um guerrilheiro Ndau[3] das tropas de Ngungunhane, o temido, último imperador de Gaza[4]que resistira a ocupação Portuguesa. Sitoe tombara numa das batalhas com os copi vítima da ríspida azagaia (por favour, não o Edson das "Mentiras da Verdade") aguçada de Chidila – outro personagem meu – que lhe atravessara e rasgara o seu peito. Sitoe morrera em terras copi. E diz a lenda, com espírito Ndau não se brinca. Persegue-te por bem e por mal. Se és amigo de Ndau após morto voltara para manter a amizade, se inimigo voltará para acertar as contas. Portanto, o espírito de Sitoe voltara, reclamava as gerações herdeiras de Chidila o retorno a zona de origem onde teria seu eterno descanso. É por isso que naquelas férias para o bem da família, para que as desgraças terminassem, para as festas de casamento voltassem, a esterilidade entre outros problemas sociais e de saúde acabassem, era preciso acompanhar Sitoe. O meu espanto surgira ao saber que afinal não era a primeira vez que tal cerimónia se realizara pelo mesmo espírito, mas aquele regressara a casa dos herdeiros de Chidila com mais exigências. Esses regressos não anunciados e indesejados eram o modo de estar desse espírito mudliwa. Acompanhá-lo tornara-se um serviço de marracuene, isto é, redundante. E esta estória – longa não é? – era apenas para dizer que existem espíritos idênticos a esse na nossa esfera pública. Esses espíritos fazem do nosso debate de ideias refém de idolas que por sua fez tornam o debate um verdadeiro serviço de marracuene. Redundante. Temos que estar sempre a voltar ao mesmo assunto e a tirar as mesmas conclusões. Não há avanços, estamos num circulo fechado. Vicioso. Refiro-me aos idolas que criam problemas para possibilidade de um debate de ideias que não esteja preso ao esquema classificatório, binário, redutor e falacioso. O tipo de exigências, pre-conceituosas que esse espírito faz pode ser colocado em forma de perguntas: o tipo é da Frelimo ou é da Renamo? Apoia o governo ou apoia a oposição? É sociólogo da “esquerda” ou da “direita”? É do norte ou do sul? Esse tipo de ídolas, preconceitos apriorísticos, mina a nossa capacidade de avaliar o mérito dos argumentos dos nossos interlocutores. Já houve tantas cerimónias para acompanhar este espírito, mas eish teima em voltar.

[1]Espírito maligno que perturba o bem-estar social numa familia.
[2] Copi ou Va chopi (copi) grupo “etnico” “ e/ou linhageiro” que habita o nordeste da provincial de Gaza. Conhecidos pela sua resistência ao dominio do Imperador Nguni, Ngungunhana.
[3] Ndau ou Va Ndau prupo “etnico” e/ou “linhageiro” que habita a região central de Moçambique, principalmente, na próvincia de Sofala.
[4] Vale a pena Ler Ualalapi de Ungulani Ba ka Kossa a propósito de Ngungunhane. Um excelente livro, diga-se!

27 comments:

Anonymous said...

Interessante, mas acontece essa pegunta no dia a dia ou nao? Tem cartao ou nao? E nao falo do cartao de abastecimento. Sem pretender assumir que todas as accoes sao guiadas por esse binomio. Quais as condicoes para debate, na universidade, quando quem decide quem dirige a Universidade nao e academico, mas mesmo assim define qual deve passar a ser o papel da mesma? Qual dos reitores apontado escapa do binomio cartonista? Provas, nao as tenho, logo especulacao, cheio de idolas ou xicwembo xa mudhliwa!

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